Partecipanti – Elenco dei paesi nell’Eurovision Song Contest


EurovisionParticipants.svg
Participation since 1956: Verde: Entered at least once, Giallo: Never entered, although eligible to do so, Rossa: Entry intended, but later withdrew, Verde Chiaro: Competed as a part of another country, but never as a sovereign country.
Eurovision_participation_map.svg
Map showing debuts in the Contest by decade: Rosso:  1950s   Arancione:  1960s   Giallo:  1970s   Verde:  1980s Blue sky:  1990s Blue:  2000s Viola:  2010s

1: Participated as part of Yugoslavia between 1961 and 1991
2: Participated as part of Yugoslavia and later Serbia & Montenegro until 2005

Fifty-two countries have participated in the Eurovision Song Contest since it started in 1956. Of these, twenty-five have won the contest. The contest, organised by the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), is held annually between members of the Union. Broadcasters from different countries submit songs to the event, and cast votes to determine the most popular in the competition.

Participation in the contest is primarily open to all active member broadcasters of the EBU. To be an active member, broadcasters must be in the European Broadcasting Area, or be in a Council of Europe member country. Eligibility to participate is not determined by geographic inclusion within the continent of Europe, despite the “Euro” in “Eurovision” — nor does it have a direct connection with the European Union. Several countries geographically outside the boundaries of Europe have competed: Israel,Cyprus and Armenia, in Western Asia, since1973, 1981 and 2006 respectively; Morocco, inNorth Africa, in the 1980 competition alone; andAustralia debuting in the 2015 contest. In addition, several transcontinental countries with only part of their territory in Europe have competed: Turkey, since 1975; Russia, since1994; Georgia, since 2007; and Azerbaijan, which made its first appearance in the 2008 edition. Two of the countries that have previously sought to enter the competition, Lebanon and Tunisia, in Western Asia and North Africa respectively, are also outside of Europe. The Gulf state of Qatar, in Western Asia, announced in 2009 its interest in joining the contest in time for the 2011 edition. However, this did not materialise, and there are no known plans for a future Qatari entry the Eurovision Song Contest.The People’s Republic of China have officially announced their interest in participating in the 2016 contest. The future of Australia in the competition is currently being discussed by the EBU, with the possibility of permanent participation. The Czech Republic,Cyprus, and Serbia returned for 2015 contest and Turkey and Ukraine have announced their return in time for the 2016 contest. No further countries have withdrawn since 2014 (when Ukraine took a one-year break).

The number of countries participating each year has grown steadily, from seven in 1956 to over twenty in the late 1980s and 43 in 2011. As the number of contestants has risen, preliminary competitions and relegation have been introduced, to ensure that as many countries as possible get the chance to compete. In 1993, a preliminary show, Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (“Qualification for Millstreet”), was held to select three Eastern European countries to compete for the first time at the main Contest. After the 1993 Contest, a relegation rule was introduced; the six lowest-placed countries in the contest would not compete the following year. In 1996, a new system was introduced. Audio tapes of all twenty-nine entrants were submitted to national juries. The twenty-two highest-placed songs after the juries voted reached the contest. Norway, as host country, was given a bye to the final. From 1997 to 2001 a system was used whereby the countries with the lowest average scores over the previous five years were relegated. Countries could not be relegated for more than one year.

Between 2001 and 2003, the relegation system used in 1994 and 1995 was used. In 2004, a semi-final was introduced. The ten highest-placed countries in the previous year’s Contest qualified for the final, along with the “Big Four”: the largest financial contributors to the EBU. All other countries entered the semi-final. Ten countries qualified from the semi, leaving a final of twenty-four. In 2008, two semi-finals were held with all countries, except the host country and the Big Four, participating in one of the semi-finals.

Some countries, such as Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom, have entered on all but a handful of occasions; Morocco, on the other hand, has only entered once. Two countries, Tunisia and Lebanon, have attempted to enter the contest but withdrew before making a debut. Liechtenstein, a country without an eligible television service, tried unsuccessfully to enter in 1976.

Graph showing the number of participating countries in the Eurovision Song Contest from 1956 to 2015

Graph showing the number of participating countries in the Eurovision Song Contest from 1956 to 2015

The number of countries participating each year has grown steadily, from seven in 1956 to over twenty in the late 1980s and 43 in 2011. As the number of contestants has risen, preliminary competitions and relegation have been introduced, to ensure that as many countries as possible get the chance to compete. In 1993, a preliminary show, Kvalifikacija za Millstreet (“Qualification for Millstreet”), was held to select three Eastern European countries to compete for the first time at the main Contest. After the 1993 Contest, a relegation rule was introduced; the six lowest-placed countries in the contest would not compete the following year. In 1996, a new system was introduced. Audio tapes of all twenty-nine entrants were submitted to national juries. The twenty-two highest-placed songs after the juries voted reached the contest. Norway, as host country, was given a bye to the final. From 1997 to 2001 a system was used whereby the countries with the lowest average scores over the previous five years were relegated. Countries could not be relegated for more than one year.

Between 2001 and 2003, the relegation system used in 1994 and 1995 was used. In 2004, a semi-final was introduced. The ten highest-placed countries in the previous year’s Contest qualified for the final, along with the “Big Four”: the largest financial contributors to the EBU. All other countries entered the semi-final. Ten countries qualified from the semi, leaving a final of twenty-four. In 2008, two semi-finals were held with all countries, except the host country and the Big Four, participating in one of the semi-finals.

Some countries, such as Germany, The Netherlands and the United Kingdom, have entered on all but a handful of occasions; Morocco, on the other hand, has only entered once. Two countries, Tunisia and Lebanon, have attempted to enter the contest but withdrew before making a debut. Liechtenstein, a country without an eligible television service, tried unsuccessfully to enter in 1976.

Countries per year: Seven countries participated in the first Contest, in 1956. Since then, the number of entries has increased steadily. In 1970, a Nordic-led boycott of the Contest reduced the number of countries entering to twelve. By the late 1980s, over twenty countries had become standard. In 1993, the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe gave many new countries the opportunity to compete. Three countries—Croatia, Slovenia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, all of them former Yugoslav republics, won through from a pre-qualifier to compete. After the 1993 event, a relegation system was introduced, allowing even more Eastern European countries to compete: seven more made their debut in 1994. In 2003, three countries applied to make their debut: Albania, Belarus and Ukraine. In addition, Serbia and Montenegro, who had not competed since 1992, applied to return. The EBU, having originally accepted the four countries’ applications, later rejected all but Ukraine; allowing four extra countries to compete would have meant relegating too many countries.The semi-final was introduced in 2004 in an attempt to prevent situations like this. The Union set a limit of forty countries, but by 2005 thirty-nine were competing. In 2007, the EBU lifted the limit, allowing forty-two countries to compete. Two semi-finals were held for the first time in 2008.

Partecipanti: The following table lists the countries that have participated in the contest at least once. Shading indicates countries that have withdrawn from the contest. Morocco participated in the contest once, in 1980. Luxembourg, one of the original seven participants, has not been seen at the contest since 1993. Italy withdrew from the contest in 1997 and returned in 2011. Slovakia previously competed three times between 1994 and 1998, failing to break into the top ten, but returned in 2009. Monaco returned to the contest in 2004, after over two decades out of the contest. However, the country failed to advance from the semi-final with each of its first three entries post-return, and withdrew after the 2006 Contest. Yugoslavia and Serbia and Montenegro were both dissolved, in 1991 and 2006 respectively. Serbia and Montenegro in the attempt to mask as Yugoslavia, participated in the 1992 Contest under its name but representing the Federal Republic of Yugoslaviawhich consisted of only the two republics. Both Montenegro and Serbia have competed as separate countries since 2007. Austria, having returned from a one-year absence, withdrew from the 2008 Contest; Edgar Bohm ofORF said “We’ve already seen in 2007 that it’s not the quality of the song, but the country of origin that determines the result.” Austria returned in 2011 and has participated in 2012, 2013 and 2014, winning the latter edition.

Country Debut year   Entries   Wins   Broadcaster
 Albania 2004 12 0 RTSH
 Andorra 2004 6 0 RTVA
 Armenia 2006 9 0 AMPTV
 Australia 2015 1 0 SBS
 Austria 1957 48 2 ORF
 Azerbaijan 2008 8 1 İTV
 Belarus 2004 12 0 BTRC
 Belgium 1956 57 1 VRT (Dutch)
RTBF (French)[a]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1993 18 0 BHRT
 Bulgaria 2005 9 0 BNT
 Croatia 1993 21 0 HRT
 Cyprus 1981 32 0 CyBC
 Czech Republic 2007 4 0 ČT
 Denmark 1957 44 3 DR
 Estonia 1994 21 1 ERR
 Finland 1961 49 1 YLE
 France 1956 58 5 France Télévisions(1983–)
 Georgia 2007 8 0 GPB
 Germany 1956 59 2 NDR (1996–) (ARD)
 Greece 1974 36 1 ERT (1974–2013)
NERIT (2014–)
 Hungary 1994 13 0 MTV
 Iceland 1986 28 0 RÚV
 Ireland 1965 49 7 RTÉ
 Israel 1973 38 3 IBA
 Italy 1956 41 2 RAI
 Latvia 2000 16 1 LTV
 Lithuania 1994 16 0 LRT
 Luxembourg 1956 37 5 CLT
 Macedonia 1998 15 0 MKRTV
 Malta 1971 28 0 PBS
 Moldova 2005 11 0 TRM
 Monaco 1959 24 1 TMC
 Montenegro 2007 7 0 RTCG
 Morocco 1980 1 0 SNRT
 Netherlands 1956 56 4 AVROTROS(2014–)
 Norway 1960 54 3 NRK
 Poland 1994 18 0 TVP
 Portugal 1964 48 0 RTP
 Romania 1994 17 0 TVR
 Russia 1994 19 1 RTR, C1R
 San Marino 2008 6 0 SMRTV
 Serbia 2007 8 1 RTS
 Serbia and Montenegro 2004 2 0 UJRT
 Slovakia 1994 7 0 RTVS (2011–)
 Slovenia 1993 21 0 RTV SLO
 Spain 1961 55 2 TVE
 Sweden 1958 55 6 SVT (1980–)
  Switzerland 1956 56 2 SRG SSR
 Turkey 1975 34 1 TRT
 Ukraine 2003 12 1 NTU
 United Kingdom 1957 58 5 BBC
 Yugoslavia[b] 1961 27 1 JRT

Table key:  In Grey Withdrawn – Countries who have participated in the past but have withdrawn.

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