Unsuccessful attempts to participate: There have been several unsuccessful attempts to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. For broadcasters to participate, they must be member of the European Broadcasting Union and register their intention to compete before the deadline specified in the rules of that year’s event. Each participating broadcaster pays a fee towards the organisation of the Contest. Should a country withdraw from the Contest after the deadline, they will still need to pay these fees, and may also incur a fine or temporary ban.
Faroe Islands (KVP): It has emerged that since 2010 the Faroese National Broadcaster KVP has been attempting to gain EBU membership and so participate in the Eurovision Song Contest. But KVP cannot get EBU membership due to, Faroe Islands, not being independent this is due to being a part of Kingdom of Denmark.
Kazakhstan (K-1): Kazakhstan has not participated in theEurovision Song Contest yet. Kazakhstan is negotiating to join the European Broadcasting Union. The state television company (K-1) has been hoping for Pending or Approved EBU membership since 2008. If this happens, they may be eligible to compete in the Eurovision Song Contest.Nevertheless, they have broadcast the Eurovision Song Contests from 2010 onwards.
Kosovo (RTK): Kosovo has never participated independently in the Eurovision Song Contest. The Kosovan national broadcaster has applied for membership to the EBU but has not been accepted as a full member.[c]However, RTK has been licensed to broadcast all three shows for many years. Although, Kosovo hasn’t participated in the song contest yet, they did participate in the2011 Eurovision Young Dancers, however, the foreign minister of Kosovo tweeted that his country (not recognised by fifteen states in Europe and still not an active member of the EBU) will participate in the 2016 Eurovision Song Contest marking its debut to the contest. The tweet said that the foreign minister is confirming participating but cannot tell how.
• History and interest: Jugovizija, the national pre-selection of Yugoslavia organized by the Yugoslav broadcaster JRTand it featured entries submitted by the subnational public broadcasting centers based in the capitals of each of the constituent republics and autonomous provinces. Each of them had its own regional jury. SAP Kosovo was represented by RTV Priština, but their entry has never won.Jugovizija 1986 was organized by RTV Priština. After the breakup of Yugoslavia, singers from Kosovo, especially Kosovo Serbs, participated in national selection of Serbia and Montenegroand Serbia organized by RTS.
After Kosovo’s declaration of independence from Serbia in 2008, its broadcaster Radio Televizioni i Kosovës (RTK) applied for EBU membership, and wished to enter Kosovo intoEurovision Song Contest 2009. Kosovo would have made their Eurovision Song Contest debut in 2009 if it could have joined the EBU. Kosovo is partially recognized and not a member of the United Nations, and UN membership is required to obtain full EBU membership. There is already a cooperation agreement signed between the EBU and RTK and the EBU supports the membership of RTK. As of 2013, RTK has observer status within the EBU and did participate in the Eurovision Young Dancers. According to the Kosovan newspaper Koha Ditore, a possible entry would be selected via a national final called Akordet e Kosovës, a former pop show that had been taken off the air some years ago.
Lebanon (Télé Liban): Lebanon has never participated in theEurovision Song Contest. The country’s broadcasting organization, Télé Liban, was set to make the country’s debut at theEurovision Song Contest 2005 with the song “Quand tout s’enfuit” performed by Aline Lahoud, but withdrew due to Lebanon’s laws banning the broadcast of Israeli content.
Liechtenstein (1FLTV): Liechtenstein has never participated at theEurovision Song Contest, but the contest has had a long history within the country, with at least one attempt to participate being made by the principality.
• Background and first attempts: Liechtensteiners have had the opportunity to watch the contest on Swiss, Austrian orGerman television. The country has made attempts to participate in the contest in the past: in 1976 a Liechtenstein entry was selected to compete in the contest – Biggi Bachman and “Little Cowboy” would have been the country’s first entry had there been a national broadcaster, but as there was none in the country the entry was rejected from competing.
•A broadcaster and Eurovision interest: On 15 August 2008, 1FLTV, licensed by the Liechtensteinese Government, became the first broadcaster based in Liechtenstein. This would allow the country to begin competing at the Eurovision Song Contest for the first time, should they decide to join the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), a pre-requisite for entering the contest. Shortly after its foundation however, the broadcaster announced that they were not interested in joining the EBU or Eurovision at that time because they had no budget for membership.
In July 2009, the broadcaster officially announced its intent to apply to join the EBU by the end of July, with the intent of taking part at the Eurovision Song Contest 2010, to be held in Oslo, Norway. Peter Kölbel, managing director of 1FLTV, officially confirmed the broadcaster’s interest, revealing that they had plans to develop a national final similar to Deutschland sucht den Superstar, the German version of the Idol series. In November 2009, 1FLTV decided to postpone EBU and Eurovision plans, due to financial reasons began to search for other options for funding EBU membership in the future.
1FLTV submitted its application for EBU membership on 29 July 2010. If accepted, 1FLTV would have gained full EBU membership and would have been able to send an entry to the Eurovision Song Contest 2011. However, Liechtenstein did not appear on the official list of participants for Eurovision 2011. In late 2012 it was announced by Peter Kölbel of 1FLTV that Liechtenstein would not be able to take part till 2013 at the earliest. They had been trying to get government subsidies since 2010 to enable participation, participation was likely if in April 2012 the Government approved funding.
On 10 September 2013, 1FLTV informed and confirmed to Esctoday.com that Liechtenstein would not be participating at the Eurovision Song Contest 2014 in Copenhagen, Denmark. The broadcaster has no plans to join the EBU at the moment. This was confirmed again on 28 July 2014 in the run-up to the 2015 Contest in Austria. 1FLTV did however state their interest in participating in the Eurovision Song Contest, but that they have to evaluate the costs of EBU membership, a necessary prelude to participation.
Qatar (Qatar Radio): Qatar Radio is currently an associate member of the European Broadcasting Union (EBU), while primarily all competing countries of the Eurovision Song Contest are active members of the union. The broadcaster first revealed on 12 May 2009 that they were interested in becoming active members of the union, which would allow the nation to compete in the contest. Qatar Radio had stated that they hoped to participate in the contest by 2011.
Qatar first became involved in the Contest at the 2009 edition, where the broadcaster sent a delegation to the contest and broadcast a weekly radio show called ’12pointsqatar’ dedicated to Eurovision. The show received favourable responses and has initiated further involvement of Qatar in the Contest.
Scotland (BBC Scotland, Scottish Broadcasting Service orSTV): The Scottish National Party (SNP) has campaigned for a place in Eurovision for Scotland but had been rejected numerous times because Scotland is represented as a part of the British entry and is represented by the BBC. On 11 February 2008 the EBU stated that a Scottish broadcaster could apply for EBU membership, but under the current rules could not enter the Eurovision Song Contest as the BBC currently has exclusive rights to represent the entire United Kingdom.
Scotland would have been eligible to enter the contest had Scotland gained independence as a result of the Scottish independence referendum, 2014, as Scotland would therefore have been a separate country.
On 25 November 2013, the Scottish Government released a referendum blueprint which detailed plans for the transfer of BBC Scotland into the Scottish Broadcasting Service (SBS) and joining the EBU, as well as partaking in competitions, including Scottish entries in the Eurovision Song Contest. Had the referendum vote been favour of independence, then the earliest that Scotland would be eligible to début would have been 2017. However, the referendum result on 18 September 2014 was to remain part of the United Kingdom, and the aforementioned BBC retains exclusive rights to represent the United Kingdom, including Scotland.
Soviet Union: The Soviet Union never participated theEurovision Song Contest, but it made several attempts in the late 1980s.
In 2009 Eduard Fomin, a former employee of the Ministry of Education of the RSFSR, revealed that in 1987 George Veselov, the Minister of Education for the Soviet Union, brought forward the idea of Soviet participation in the Eurovision Song Contest due to the number of political reforms made by the President of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev during the late 1980s. The idea was mainly a political one, with the thought that a win in the contest for the Soviet Union would impact on the relationships between the Soviet Union and the capitalistcountries of the west. Valery Leontyev was suggested as a singer for the Soviet Union’s first entry into the contest, but Veselov’s ideas were not shared by the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, or by Gorbachev himself, believing it to be too radical a step to take, and so the Soviet Union never entered the contest before dissolving.
Ten former republics of the Soviet Union would later compete in the contest on their own in the 1990s and 2000s: Russia, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Armenia,Georgia, and Azerbaijan, with five of the countries going on to win the contest: Estonia, Latvia, Ukraine, Russia, and Azerbaijan.
Tunisia (RTT): Tunisia was to perform fourth in the 1977 Eurovision Song Contest’s running order. The reason for the country’s withdrawal was never officially established; rumours suggest RTT did not want to compete with Israel. To date, the only African nation to participate in the Eurovision Song Contest isMorocco, who made just one appearance, in the 1980 contest. On 18 June 2007, the public Tunisian television broadcaster confirmed that due to a governmental request they will not participate in the Contest. No comment by the post-Arab Springgovernment has been made.